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Navigating The Criminal Justice System: A Lawyers Perspective 

Navigating the criminal justice system can be daunting for anyone, but it can be especially challenging for those without legal training. Criminal lawyers in Dubai can provide valuable guidance and representation in navigating the criminal justice system and protecting your rights. In this article, we will explore the criminal justice system from a lawyer’s perspective, highlighting some of the key steps involved in a criminal case and the role of a defense attorney at each stage.


The first step in a criminal case is an arraignment, where the accused is formally charged with a crime and enters a guilty or not guilty plea. This is where the defendant will first appear in court and is informed of the charges against them. The defense attorney will be present at this stage to advise the defendant on their rights and how to plead.

Bail and pretrial release:

The next step is a bail hearing, where the judge will determine whether to release the defendant on bail and under what conditions. The defense attorney will argue for the defendant’s release on the least restrictive terms possible and present evidence of the defendant’s ties to the community and likelihood of appearing in court.


After bail, the discovery process begins, where both the prosecution and the defense exchange evidence and information about the case. The defense attorney’s role at this stage is to review the prosecution’s evidence and identify any weaknesses or inconsistencies that can be used to the defendant’s advantage at trial. The defense attorney will also conduct their investigation, gather evidence, interview potential witnesses and build the defense case.

Plea bargaining:

Plea bargaining is where the defense attorney and the prosecutor negotiate a plea agreement. This agreement would be in exchange for reducing the charges or the sentence. This is an opportunity for the defense attorney to get the best possible outcome for their client. However, the defense attorney will advise the client whether the plea bargain is in their best interest.


If the case goes to trial, the defense attorney will represent the defendant in court and attempt to prove their innocence by raising reasonable doubt in the jury’s mind. This includes cross-examination of prosecution witnesses and presenting defense witnesses and evidence. The attorney will also deliver opening and closing statements, object to improper evidence or questioning and guide the client through the trial process.